How We Heal
The work will require an emotional positivity that has yet to manifest in most people. Science has much to teach us about how we heal, the many tools and techniques and strategies that have proven effective. The same energetic vigour that is often poured into negative emotions, which have arisen due to environment and conditioning and other factors, can be poured into positive emotions. We can use that positivity to drive the creative work forward.
Group memberships boost self-esteem more than friends alone
Canadian Institute for Advanced Research, June 15, 2015
Working with groups of school children, the elderly, and former homeless people in the United Kingdom, China and Australia, their studies showed consistently that people who belong to many groups, whatever their nature, had higher self-esteem. However, this relationship was only apparent when people considered the group in question to contribute to their sense of who they were -- that is, when they were a basis for social identity. "This is in our view promising and suggests that boosting group memberships is quite a powerful way to make people feel better about themselves," researcher Jolanda Jetten says.
The researchers compared group memberships to the number of friends people had, and found that having a large network of friends did not predict self-esteem, but belonging to multiple groups did. The authors argue that groups provide benefits that interpersonal ties alone do not; namely, meaning, connection, support and a sense of control over our lives. "Groups often have rich value and belief systems, and when we identify with groups, these can provide a lens through which we see the world," says Jetten. For example, religious groups or organisations striving toward a goal such as reducing poverty can provide a greater sense of purpose. The new study could signal a shift away from thinking about self-esteem as something that comes solely from inside of us.
PLOS One Paper
Adult Attachment as a Moderator of Treatment Outcome for Generalized Anxiety Disorder
Eighty-three participants diagnosed with generalized anxiety disorder were recruited from the community and assigned randomly to Cognitive–Behavioral Therapy (CBT) plus Supportive Listening (N=40) or to CBT + Interpersonal and Emotional Processing Therapy (N=43). Assessors evaluated participants at pretreatment, posttreatment, 6-month, 12-month, and 2-year follow-up with a composite of self-report and assessor-rated GAD symptom measure. Avoidant and anxious attachment were assessed using self-reported dismissing and angry states of mind, respectively, on the Perceptions of Adult Attachment Questionnaire. At all assessments higher levels of dismissing styles in those who received CBT + I/EP predicted greater change in GAD symptoms, suggesting that this combination may be more effective for avoidants experiencing generalized anxiety.
Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, Jun 8 , 2015
More on I/EP
The I/EP segment seeks to remedy clients’ maladaptive behavioral patterns of both avoiding unpleasant emotions and others’ negative evaluations. The I/EP rationale suggests that attempts to avoid feared negative emotions and interpersonal situations can paradoxically elicit the negative outcomes that they sought to avoid. For example, to avoid being hurt or rejected, persons with GAD may not express their own view or emotions in an attempt to make themselves appear more likable. Yet, this approach may lead to diminished bonds with others, as persons with GAD may often seem cold.
The techniques within the CBT and I/EP segments are functionally different. In the CBT portion, therapy emphasizes clients’ cognitive strengths (e.g., the ability to analyze situations cognitively, desire to learn to control their negative emotional responses). In contrast, I/EP attempts to address inadequacies, such as a difficulty processing emotions along with a discomfort surrounding vulnerability in relationships. I/EP invokes exposure to feared emotions, negative reactions about how they affect others, and vulnerability of showing their emotions to others. In the I/EP segment, therapists provide psychoeducation regarding how avoidance of emotions in the short term paradoxically causes negative outcomes in the long term as their needs go unmet in relationships. I/EP deemphasizes the need to anticipate danger and concentrates on honesty, spontaneity, and vulnerability toward others.
Source: Interpersonal and Emotion-focused Processing Psychotherapy, by Michelle G Newman, Nicholas Jacobson and Louis Castonguay. In The Wiley Handbook of Anxiety Disorders, 201. Accessed through ResearchGate.
Reposts that require permission
* Developing self-compassion
* Why a Monk, a Neuroscientist and a Movie Star Are Giving Advice to the Business Elite
* The Empathic Civilization, by Jeremy Rifkin
* Art as an Instrument to Develop Empathy
* Love Has No Labels
* Cleveland Clinic Empathy Video Inspires Us to Create "I Wanted You to Know"
* Developing Judgment, Not Being Judgmental
* Love's Many Splendors Begin With Empathy and Attachment
"We take people who are hurt, teach them the forgiveness process, and show what happens when you learn about forgiveness: 'This is what forgiveness is. Practice it if you wish.'" - Fred Luskin
* From The Midwest To Davos, Richard Davidson Is Starting Conversations On Mindfulness, Happiness, And The Power Of Giving
Kindness priming is an affect-dependent cognitive effect in which subjects will display a positive affect following exposure to kindness. Kindness priming refers to the observed effect by which individuals who are exposed to an act of kindness - the priming - subsequently notice more of the positive features of the world than they would otherwise. A person receiving a free voucher from a stranger, for example, may become more inclined to perceive the intentions of others around them as good. By inducing a positive mood in others, and immunizing them against negative stimuli, it is believed that they will feel compelled to produce acts of kindness for others, propagating the effects. This spread of positive affect and increased resilience is in line with the goals of positive psychology and recommended therein to be pursued alongside loving-kindness meditation to improve general well-being. - Wikipedia